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Antarctica vs The Arctic

Antarctica and the Arctic offer very different cruise experiences

It can be difficult to choose between Antarctica and Arctic Expedition Cruises because they offer such diverse experiences. Each polar region features unique wildlife that cannot be found anywhere else. Antarctica has never been settled, with the exception of scientific bases, while the Arctic has been inhabited by various cultures over the millennia. The good news for travellers is each polar region has its own cruise season in different times of the year, so it’s possible to find Expedition Cruises with departure dates to suit your holiday plans.


Antarctica

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hhggggggggArctic

Geography

Continent surrounded by oceans.

Ocean surrounded by continents.

Ice

Icebergs are calved from glaciers all year round, measured in cubic kilometres or miles.

Sea ice accumulates annually and doubles the size of the continent. More than 97% of the Antarctic landmass is covered by the South Polar ice sheet.

Icebergs

Icebergs are calved from seasonal glaciers, measured in cubic metres or feet.

Sea ice accumulates over years. The largest land ice area is found in Greenland, the rest is in limited pockets.

Fauna

Penguins, whales, sea birds, no land mammals. Porpoises, dolphins and seals are also found here.

Land mammals include polar bears, walrus, fox, hare, caribou, lemming, bears, birds and more. Marine animals include whales, porpoises, seals, dolphins.

Flora

No tundra or tree line.

Tundra and tree line.

Human Culture

No permanent human habitation, no indigenous population. About 4000 scientists on various bases in summer, 1,000 in winter.

Human settlement for thousands of years, population north of 60°N is in excess of 2 million with modern settlements.

Natural Resources

No exploitation of land-based natural resources.

Widespread exploitation of natural resources including coal, oil and gas.

Politics

Antarctica Treaty - Owned by ‘everyone and no one’.

No one owns the Arctic Ocean. 8 countries share ‘Arctic’ territory.

Climate

The annual mean temperature at the South Pole is -50°C (-58 °F). Coastal areas reach up to 9 °C (48 °F) in summer.

The annual mean temperature at the North Pole is -18 °C (0 °F). Coastal areas reach up to 27 °C (80 °F).

Cruise Season

November to March.

May to September.

View all Antarctica cruises View all Arctic cruises

 

Customer Reviews

Elizabeth

"One of the best ways to do South America! Stunning sights, unbelievably knowledge tour and local guides and time well spent with lifelong friends. An experience like no other."

Received March 2014

Click here to read more Reviews

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