Home >> Balkans to Istanbul Tour to Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Romania, Turkey - Itinerary

Enquire About This Tour Code EEBI Balkans to Istanbul

Duration: 43 Days Route: Budapest to Istanbul Style: Worldwide Adventures Price from: US$5,149.00

Hungary, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria

Explore the heart of Eastern Europe between two famous river cities, from Budapest divided by the Danube, to Istanbul, framed by the Bosphorus. Follow a clockwise loop through the Balkan states exploring the colours and contrasts of capital cities, sleepy rural towns, sun-kissed islands, sparkling lakes and gorgeous mountain scenery along the way. Continuing east and south via fairytale castles and legendary landscapes, we end our journey on the far edge of Europe.

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Detailed Itinerary

Day 1 to 1 - Arrive Budapest

Budapest, Hungary's stylish capital is known as the 'City of Spas' for its abundance of natural thermal springs.

Straddling the Danube River, the city is comprised of two very different historic cities, Buda on the west bank and Pest on the east bank. Highlights here include Castle Hill, Matthius Church, Fisherman's Bastion, the Liberation Monument, the fabulous St Stephen's Basilica and the much photographed Parliament Building.

Terror Haza (Terror House) is a popular museum recounting stories of espionage and atrocities committed during World War II and during the communist period. During your optional visit you can view very moving testimonial footage from survivors and visit old jail cells, torture chambers and interrogation rooms.

The Dohany Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe and features stunning decorations. You can also wander around Central Market Hall and enjoy the intoxicating sights and smells of'Budapest's pantry' and get an idea of Hungary's food culture - you can even buy chocolates by the kilo!

The perfect place to relax after a day of sightseeing is in a traditional bath. The Szechenyi Medicinal Baths are one of the city's more famous Neo Baroque-style baths with indoor and outdoor pools, thermal pools, saunas and massages in a beautiful setting. After a nice soak you can visit numerous restaurants and bars to visit on Liszt Ferenc for an enjoyable evening's entertainment.

Optional Excursions: Danube Cruise –€16 (drinks only). You can expect to pay approx €30 for dinner aboard. •Hop on, Hop off bus –HUF 6000 •Szechenyi baths –HUF 3600 •House of Terror –HUF 2000 •Basilica of St Stephen –free •Castle Hill –HUF 1700 •Hungarian National Museum –HUF1600 •The Great Synagogue –HUF 1600 •Royal Palace & Parliament –HUF 2520

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 2 to 2 - Novi Sad

Serbia's cultural centre, Novi Sad, is overlooked by the magnificent Petrovaradin Fortress. Built during the 18th century, the fortress was repeatedly attacked but never taken by an enemy. Although it has long since lost its strategic military value, since 1951 it has been an important cultural centre and one of the largest art colonies in the world with over 88 art studios. Visitors can buy art, talk with the artists and feel the atmosphere of studios while works of art are created. There are also three interesting restaurants, a museum, catacombs, great views of the Danube. Novi Sad is also known for its international music festivals, underground military galleries and above ground, such as the International Street Musicians' Festival in September offering diverse music genres, funny instruments, jugglers, street shows and acrobatics.

Included Excursions: Guided tour of the Petrovaradin Fortress

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 3 to 4 - Belgrade

Located at the crossing point of the Sava and Danube rivers is Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, where you will have plenty of time to explore. In the course of its long history, Belgrade has been captured 60 times, burned down around 40 times, and has risen like a phoenix from the ashes every time.

We have the opportunity to explore the military museum inside the fortress. The view of the city from the fortress is fantastic and not to be missed. If time allows it is definitely worth a visit to St Sava Church, one of the largest Orthodox churches in world. The city itself offers excellent shopping opportunities, from luxurious upscale boutiques through to an enormous bazaar and a Saturday farmer's market at Zeleni Venac selling an assortment of seasonal produce.

When you're ready for a break, you can relax on the beach at'Belgrade Hawaii', Ada Ciganlija, an island in the middle of the Sava River. During the summer the island attracts hundreds of thousands of people looking for a place to cool down, so it can be crowded on hot days. Belgrade is very well known for its nightlife and is a major draw card for Europeans looking for a party. There are countless nightclubs, bars, and cafes that stay lively into the wee hours of the night, many of which are located on river barges.

Optional Excursions: Ethnographical Museum –RSD 100 •Nikola Tesla Museum –RSD 300 •National Museum –RSD 200 •Sightseeing bus –RSD 500

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 5 to 6 - Pristina

Today we are travelling to Pristina, Kosovo but first we visit Devil's Town in Serbia. The natural phenomenon, whose real name is Djavolja varos, got it's unique name to the strange formation of of soil pyramids. Wander amongst the stone-capped pillars, whose appearance is due to a rare from of erosion.

We then continue our journey to Pristina. Europe's youngest capital, it has a buzzing energy and a small but fascinating number of attractions to see. Visit the Ethnographic Museum for exhibits on life in Kosovo between the 15th and 20th century and marvel at the iconic design of the National Library. Wander down Bill Clinton Boulevard and wave back at the 3m-tall bronze statue of the former president, before stopping for one of Pristina's famous coffees in any one of the number of cafes found here.

Included Excursions: Devil's Town

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 7 to 8 - Skopje

In Skopje, Macedonia's capital, you can enjoy 2,000 years of history spanning Oriental and Western cultures, neatly divided by the Vardar River through the centre of the city. Skopje has many historical monuments including the Kale Fortress dating back to the 6th century and the Daud Pasha Amam, a 15th century bathhouse now converted into the city art gallery. You can also see the Mustafa-pasha's mosque, the 16th century Clock Tower and the Kamen Most (Stone Bridge) over the Vardar River.

Optional Excursions: Mother Teresa statue and memorial room –free •National Museum & Icon Gallery –MKD 50

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 9 to 10 - Lake Ohrid

Before heading to Lake Ohrid we can enjoy a visit to the Matka Canyon. Cruise down Matka lake admiring the large rock walls towering beside the water. Keep an eye out for the fascinating caves that are found within the canyon.

Once we have collected our bags from the hotel, we then travel on to the gorgeous lake side town of Ohrid, perched on the border of Macedonia and Albania. This unassuming, picturesque settlement has been the setting of thousands of years of human history and the ancient churches, fortress walls, bazaars and old quarters are testimony to its past.

Lake Ohrid itself is Europe's oldest lake having formed over three millions years ago. Wander the streets and squares of its compact centre before hiking up to the ancient walled fortress that overlooks the day to day life of the city and explore the famous old churches, monasteries and basilicas.

Included Excursions:Matka Canyon boat ride •Visit Lake Ohrid
Optional Excursions: Sveta Bogorodica Bolnicka, originally a hospital church where plague victims were quarantined –free of charge •Sveti Nikola Bolnicki –free of charge •National Museum –MKD 100 •Samoils Fortress –MKD 50 •Sveta Bogorodica Perivlepta, a 13th century painted church –MKD 100 •St Pantelejmon monastery –free •Boat trip around Lake Ohrid - €15 per person (based on 6-8 people)

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in apartments

Day 11 to 11 - Tirana

On the way to Tirana we stop of at the small town of Kruja. Built on a mountainside, you can discover the old town and explore Kruja Castle where we include entry to the Skanderbeg Museum located inside. Skanderbeg was a war hero of Albania, helping defeat the Ottomans, and this museum focuses on his bravery and importance to Albania.

We then head to Tirana, the trendy capital and largest city of Albania, which has transformed from a grey, dismal ex-communist city, isolated by the regime until the 1990s, to a colourful capital buzzing with life. While the city has a long history, you can enjoy its modern outlook, with fashionable bars, and wander boulevards lined with relics of the city's Ottoman, clubs and boutiques, Italian and communist past. Tirana's massive main square, Skanderbeg Square, is bordered by the National History Museum, the Palace of Culture, the National Bank, the Et'hem Bey Mosque and Skanderbeg's statue. A short bus ride from the centre city, the Martyr's Cemetery offers marvellous panoramic views over the city. If time allows we may have an opportunity for a morning trip to Kruja.

Included Excursions: Kruja city walls
Optional Excursions: National Art Gallery –Lek 200 •National Museum of History –Lek 200 •Muzeu Onufri (Onufri museum) –Lek 200 •Muzeu Etnografik –Lek 200 •Sky Bar & Restaurant –€2

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 12 to 13 - Budva

Our next visit is to the seaside town of Budva in Montenegro. Budva (not to be confused with the Czech beer Budvar) is 2,500 years old, one of the oldest and most popular settlements on the Adriatic coast of Montenegro. This vibrant seaside town is well known for its sandy beaches, historic old town, diverse nightlife, and beautiful examples of Mediterranean architecture.

We will take a day trip to the picturesque Kotor, a walled city nestled at the bottom of Europe's deepest fjord. Stari Grad, the old town, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with a tricky labyrinth of cobbled alleys, squares and ancient churches, including St Tryphon's Cathedral built in 1166. The mountains provide a dramatic backdrop to this beautiful town as they come down steeply, almost to the waterfront. You could spend the day drinking espresso in the shade of the medieval walls watching people go by. You can climb the walls of the ancient fort of Sveti Ivan which spans some 4.5 kilometres above the city on almost vertical cliffs. Your efforts will be rewarded by an excellent view of Kotor and the bay.

Included Excursions: Kotor
Optional Excursions Budva Museum –€3 •Discover the picturesque old town –free •Ploce Beach - €3 return bus journey

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 14 to 15 - Dubrovnik

On the way to the south of Croatia, we stop off at the Kravice waterfalls, located on the Trebiat river in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A popular swimming area, you will have time to enjoy the water before heading to the 'Pearl of the Adriatic', the UNESCO World Heritage listed walled city of Dubrovnik in Croatia.

With a paved town centre enclosed in fortress-like 13th century stone walls, the city is easy to explore on foot and is full of character. A great start to your exploration of Dubrovnik is with an included walk around the city walls. Stretching almost 2 kilometres around the old town, the walls offer stunning rooftop and city views out to the turquoise blue Adriatic Sea. Founded in the 7th century, for a time in its glorious past the city was a serious rival for Venice in terms of maritime trade. It is hard to believe now but in 1991, two out of every three buildings were damaged during the bombardment of the Yugoslav War. Since then the buildings and walls have been painstakingly restored to pristine condition and represents one of the most beautiful and solid fortress systems on the Mediterranean. There are several other historic attractions worth a visit near the main street (Stradun), such as the 14th century Franciscan monastery which houses a treasury full of sacred art and artefacts, as well as one of the oldest continually working pharmacies in the world, dating back to 1317.

Included Excursions: Kravice Waterfalls •Dubrovnik City Wall
Optional Excursions: Museum of the Orthodox Church –HRK 10 •Synagogue –HRK 10 •14th century Dominican Monastery –HRK 15 •Rector's Palace –HRK 20 •Lokrum Island –ferry HRK 80 •Half day kayaking –€40 •Scuba diving –one boat dive €46, two dives €83, wreck dive €55 •Dubrovnik 24 hour City Card –HRK 130 •Cable car –HRK 97 return

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 16 to 17 - Sarajevo

Crossing the border into the 'heart-shaped land' of Bosnia and Herzegovina we visit the capital Sarajevo, a fascinating mixture of western and eastern cultures. Known as the 'Jerusalem of Europe', the city was once famous for its religious diversity, with people of Islamic, Orthodox Christian, Catholic and Jewish faiths coexisting relatively peacefully for centuries. The atmosphere of calm and tolerance changed dramatically when violence erupted in the mid-1990s and the city underwent the longest siege in modern military history during the Yugoslav War.

Today the city is largely recovered and is packed with fascinating museums bazaars, markets and bridges. During your time here you could explore the cobbled streets, mosques and Oriental style shops of the Old Town, visit the Bosnian Historical Museum to learn about the siege of Sarajevo and discover the Sarajevo Tunnel Museum, the tunnel which was used to ferry supplies into the besieged city during the conflict, next to the airport. For history buffs a must see is the “Latin Bridge" spanning the river in the downtown area. The bridge bears a plaque commemorating the assassination of Archduke of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Ferdinand, the event that sparked the beginning of World War I. Today the city is largely recovered and is packed with fascinating museums

Optional Excursions: Tunnel Museum, the entrance to the tunnel used during the Bosnian War –BAM 30 •Jewish Museum –BAM 2 •Jewish Tour –BAM 32 every day at 2pm •Communism Tour –BAM 38 (minimum 2 people) •Orthodox Church Museum –free but donations welcome •History Museum –BAM 1 •Walking Tour of the Old City (Bascarsija) –BAM 20

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 18 to 18 - Mostar

Widely felt to be the prettiest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina Mostar is situated on the Neretva river and is the fifth-largest city in the country. Mostar was named after the bridge keepers (natively: mostari) who kept the Stari Most (Old Bridge) over Neretva river. The city is particularly famous for this beautiful single span bridge, Stari Most, which collapsed into the Neretva River during the Yugoslav War in 1993. Built in 1556 by the Ottoman ruler Suleiman the Great, Stari Most had been a globally recognised landmark and a national symbol for Bosnia-Herzegovina. It had survived centuries of conflict including both world wars and proved that, whatever happened, the mainly Christian west bank and mainly Muslim east remained united. The destruction of the bridge was a huge blow to the local people, but in 2004 the bridge was rebuilt as a replica of the original using pieces of masonry salvaged from the riverbed. Its reopening represented the hope that Muslims, Croats and Serbs could once again live side by side and that Mostar would be healed after a decade of ethnic division.

Optional Excursions: Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque - €2.5 (includes minaret) •Karad-zozbegova Mosque - €2.5 (includes minaret) •Turkish House –BAM 2 •Memorial Museum of Herzegovina –BAM 1.5

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 19 to 21 - Hvar Island

Boasting more sunshine hours than any of the other sun-soaked Dalmatian islands, Hvar Island offers fairytale Venetian architecture, a waterfront promenade fringed by palm trees and centuries old walls. With all of this and an historic fortress overlooking it all, it's no wonder picturesque Hvar Town is considered a chic destination for the rich and famous, and you may be lucky enough to see one or two familiar faces here.

Built by the Venetian Doges in the 13th century, Hvar Town is a maze of cobblestone streets and sunny squares bordered by al fresco cafes and restaurants. The most important sights such as St Stephen's Cathedral, Clock Tower and the Arsenal flank the main square, while a picturesque expanse of terracotta-roofed houses and tiny streets cover the hill behind. One of the simplest pleasures on the island is to take part in the evening stroll around the town and take in the views - don't forget to buy an ice cream from a local slasticarna, the Croatian equivalent of the Italian gelateria. You may also enjoy a stroll around the harbour, which is often filled with multi-million dollar yachts, a reflection of the lavish lifestyles of the wealthy visitors to the island. You will have time to explore smaller villages of Stari Grad, Jelsa, taking in lavender fields, Vrboska and Brusje, wineries, eco villages and experiencing the local culture.

Optional Excursions: Franciscan Monastery Museum –HRK 25 •Return bus to Stari Grad, one of the oldest towns in Croatia –HRK 54 •Municipal Theatre and Art Gallery –HRK 20 •Scuba diving –€35 shore dive. Boat dives will cost approximately €46 for one dive or €83 for two dives. For certified divers only.

Accommodation: 3 night(s) in a guesthouse

Day 22 to 22 - Split

We then take the ferry and arrive late morning at the coastal city of Split, built around the remains of the Diocletian Palace which dates back to the Roman era. Wander inside and take in Peristil Square where you can see an original Egyptian sphinx which was brought from Egypt by Roman emperor Diocletian. Another sphinx can be found near St John's Church, which was originally a Roman temple. We take an included tour of the Diocletian Palace or climb the campanile bell tower next to the palace's mausoleum for spectacular views from the top.

If you want to relax there are plenty of al fresco bars and restaurants to choose from along the seafront, as well as gelati bars and cheaper pizzerias off the main roads. There is plenty of delicious Italian-influenced local cuisine to choose from, often at very reasonable prices. If you want to hang out with the locals, head for the beach at Bacvice. There are many cafes and places to eat icecream and it's a great place to get a feeling of 'real' Croatia as the vast majority of people who go there are from Split.

Included Excursions: Diocletian Palace Tour
Optional Excursions: The City Museum of Split –HRK 20 •Split tour - €72 (plus €5 for entry to basement of Diocletan's Palace and €2 for Jupiter's Palace) •Bus to Trogir –HRK 21 •Cathedral of St Lovro in Trogir –HRK 25 (including cathedral tower) •Church of St John the Baptist in Trogir –free

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 23 to 23 - Plitvice

Continuing our diverse journey through Croatia, our next stop is to explore Plitvice National Park, a beautiful reserve featuring 16 spectacular blue lakes surrounded by forest.

The lakes are linked by natural dams which create beautiful low level waterfalls joining one lake to another. Due to the varying mixtures of minerals in the water, each lake has a distinctive colour ranging from azure to green, grey or blue. The surrounding forest features a mix of beech, spruce, and fir trees and is home to 126 species of birds and a number of rare animals including European brown bears, wolves, eagles, wild cats and eagles. Due to its natural beauty and significance, the park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979. The entire park can be seen in about 4 hours and you can get beautiful views from almost any vantage point. Don't miss the Veliki Slap, 50 metre wide waterfall surrounded by boulders - a great place for photos.

Included Excursions: Plitvice Lakes National Park

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 24 to 25 - Zagreb

After our time exploring the national park we continue to the Croatian capital of Zagreb, a vibrant cultural centre with a long history, located on the crossroads of important routes between the Adriatic coast and Central Europe. Originally established as two fortresses on two neighbouring hills in medieval times, the city has withstood numerous invasions, earthquakes and political upheaval to grow into a prosperous centre of industry. In your free time you can explore Ban Jelačić Square surrounded by grand buildings or visit the Zagreb Cathedral with its fountain of Madonna surrounded by golden angels. You can visit colourful open-air markets such as Dolac Market and discover the historic Upper Town with its palaces, monasteries and churches from the 17th and 18th centuries. There are also dozens of museums, theatres, galleries and art collections to visit, or take a tram to the medieval fortress of Medvedgrad on the southern side of nearby Mount Medvednica for beautiful views over the city including Museum Mimara. Another interesting museum to see is the City of Zagreb Museum covering every facet of its long history. You could take a picnic to Maksimir Park about 3 kilometres from the city centre.

Optional Excursions: Lotrscak Tower –HRK 10 •Funicular, constructed in 1888, it connects the lower and upper towns –HRK 3 •Museum of the city of Zagreb –HRK 20 •Ethnographical Museum –HRK 15 •Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters –HRK 10 •Archaeological Museum –HRK 20 •Budget Walking Tour –€13

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 26 to 27 - Ljubljana & Lake Bled

Crossing into Slovenia we visit the capital Ljubljana and enjoy a city tour of the main sights. In your free time you may enjoy a visit to the botanical gardens, Dragon bridge, Tivoli park, Ljubljana city museum, Ljubljana castle (Ljubljanski Grad) on Castle Hill and the viewing tower in the castle courtyard for views across the Old Town. When you need to relax, sit down at one of the many outdoor riverside cafes in the Old Town, check out the Habsburg and Baroque architecture and enjoy the young fun vibe of Ljubljana's large student population.

During our time in Slovenia we take a day trip to Bled, a magical little town about an hour and a half from Ljubljana, set near an emerald green lake. Perched on a cliff high above the lake is the Bled Castle, dramatically framed by the snowcapped peaks of the Julian Alps. Dating back to the 11th century, Bled Castle is the epitome of a medieval fortress and has a fairytale appeal, with towers, ramparts, moats and a terrace offering magnificent views. Part of the castle houses a museum with an interesting collection of armour and weapons, carvings, jewellery, tapestries and paintings which trace the history of the castle from the Bronze Age to the 19th century. A walk around Lake Bled (about 6 kilometres) shouldn't take more than an hour or two, including a short climb to a viewing point. The most romantic way to enjoy it is to hire a boat and row over to the island in the middle of the lake or for the non-rowers of the group you can take a Pletna boat and be taken across. On the island you can visit a small 17th century Baroque church called Church of the Assumption, complete with a'wishing bell' which you can ring to ask a favour. If time permits you can also visit Vintgar Gorge, a raised timber walkway that tracks the gorges river for 1.6 kilometres to a beautiful waterfall.

Included Excursions: Ljubljana City Tour •Lake Bled
Optional Excursions: Funicular to the castle –€4 return, €2.20 one way •Slovenian Ethnographic Museum –€3.5 •City Museum –€2.5 •National Gallery –€3 •Museum of Contemporary History –€2.5 •Ljubljana Castle Belvedere – €6-8 •Bled Castle –€8 •Church of the Assumption –€12 for the pletna boat to the island plus €3 to enter the church and ring the bell for good luck •Bike hire –€3.5-11 •Tourist train around Lake Bled –€4 •Bus to Vintgar Gorge –€4 one way, €6.30 return

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 28 to 29 - Budapest

Budapest, Hungary's stylish capital is known as the 'City of Spas' for its abundance of natural thermal springs.

Straddling the Danube River, the city is comprised of two very different historic cities, Buda on the west bank and Pest on the east bank. Highlights here include Castle Hill, Matthius Church, Fisherman's Bastion, the Liberation Monument, the fabulous St Stephen's Basilica and the much photographed Parliament Building.

Terror Haza (Terror House) is a popular museum recounting stories of espionage and atrocities committed during World War II and during the communist period. During your optional visit you can view very moving testimonial footage from survivors and visit old jail cells, torture chambers and interrogation rooms.

The Dohany Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe and features stunning decorations. You can also wander around Central Market Hall and enjoy the intoxicating sights and smells of'Budapest's pantry' and get an idea of Hungary's food culture - you can even buy chocolates by the kilo!

The perfect place to relax after a day of sightseeing is in a traditional bath. The Szechenyi Medicinal Baths are one of the city's more famous Neo Baroque-style baths with indoor and outdoor pools, thermal pools, saunas and massages in a beautiful setting. After a nice soak you can visit numerous restaurants and bars to visit on Liszt Ferenc for an enjoyable evening's entertainment.

Optional Excursions: Danube Cruise –€16 (drinks only). You can expect to pay approx €30 for dinner aboard. •Hop on, Hop off bus –HUF 6000 •Szechenyi baths –HUF 3600 •House of Terror –HUF 2000 •Basilica of St Stephen –free •Castle Hill –HUF 1700 •Hungarian National Museum –HUF1600 •The Great Synagogue –HUF 1600 •Royal Palace & Parliament –HUF 2520

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 30 to 30 - Eger

We take the train to Eger, located on the hills of the Bükk Mountains. It has a number of historic sights including the Castle of Eger, the town's oldest and most famous attraction. Eger is also famous for its wines. You can enjoy traditional varieties of red and white wines including “Egri Bikaver” translated to Bull's Blood of Eger! From 1596 Eger had a 91 year long Turkish rule. Due to this, the town attract visitors to its number of thermal baths. Another popular site from this period is the Turkish minaret standing at 40 metres high. You can climb this for great views.

Music lovers may want to visit the Egri Road Beatles Museum. Situated in the historic centre of Eger, visitors can discover the famous British band on a guided tour. Discover limited edition records, view original items of clothing and listen to recordings and newsreels from the time of 'Beatlesmania'.

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 31 to 31 - Baia Mare

The day is spent exploring the fascinating Maramures region in North-western Romania, home to many villages where century-old traditions are still part of daily life. We will visit the village of Barsana, where there is a thriving local tradition of woodcarving, with picturesque wooden houses fronted by giant, ornately-carved gates. There is also a monastery that offers great views over the Izei valley, where people still farm using traditional techniques. We also tour some of the beautiful wooden churches of the region that are well-known for their characteristic high roofs and tall, pointed steeples. One of these has been recognised by UNESCO due its unique folk paintings that show rural representations of heaven and hell, including tortures for such egregious sins as short-changing customers or falling asleep in church. We also make a quick stop at the very peculiar 'Merry Cemetery' of Săpânța, so called because the gravestones are painted in bright colours, hand-carved out of oak and adorned with an image of the deceased and a humorous epitaph in the local vernacular.

We then head to Baia Mare, one of the most important mining centres of Romania with over 2000 years of gold and silver mining. The town is well preserved and the oldest house here dates back to 1440.

Included Excursions: Guided tour of the Maramures Region

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 32 to 33 - Sighișoara

As we make our way to Sighișoara, we stop en-route for a few hours to explore the city of Cluj Napoca, Romania's second largest city after Bucharest. The city is one of the most important academic and cultural centres in Romania, and is home to the country's largest university and its famous botanical gardens. In 2015, Cluj-Napoca is the European Youth Capital, and will showcase its youth-related city life and development to the rest of the world.

In the afternoon we head to Sighișoara. Located in the historic region of Transylvania, Sighișoara was once a Saxon settlement established in the 12th century. Recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, the citadel has a very well preserved old town with a clock tower rising 64 meters above the city. Also worth visiting is the Orthodox Cathedral and Cornesti Church.

Included Excursions: Sighișoara Citadel
Optional Excursions: The Clock Tower –Leu 10 •The Church of the Dominican Monastery –a small fee •The Church on the Hill –Leu 2 •Viscri Fortified Church –€1.50 •Vlad Dracul's House

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 34 to 35 - Brașov

Surrounded on three sides by the Carpathian Mountains, Brașov was a perfect place for a medieval settlement and much of the Old City, founded by the Teutonic Knights in 1211, has been restored. You can visit Râșnov Castle, the Brașov Citadel or wander up Rope Street, the narrowest street in Europe. Brasov also provides a great base for exploring the surrounding countryside of the Transylvania region, where the air is fresh and the people friendly. We visit the nearby Bran Castle which is marketed as'Dracula's Castle' and is (supposedly) said to have been the home of Vlad the Impaler. We also explore the beautiful Pele's Castle and the fortified churches of Prejmer and Viscri, the latter of which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Please note: Pele's Castle is closed for the month of November. For tours that arrive here on the 5th November 2016 only, this excursion will be replaced with Cantacuzino Castle. It is a Neo-Romanian style building, which belonged to the Cantacuzino family until the forced nationalization of 1940.

Included Excursions: Bran (Dracula's) Castle •Peles Castle •Traditional fortified churches of Viscri and Prejmer
Optional Excursions: Black Church –€1 •The Council Square - Piata Sfatulu –free •Brasov's defensive fortifications –free •Art Museum –Leu 5 •Brasov History Museum –Leu 5 •Ethnographic Museum –Leu 3.50

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 36 to 36 - Bucharest

We continue our journey to Bucharest where you will have free time to explore the area and discover the contrasts of Romania's cultural capital. The architecture here is an eclectic mix of historical, communist period and modern styles and it even has its own Arc de Triomphe. Bucharest also boasts the world's second largest building, the Palace of Parliament, built under the communist regime.

If you'd like to learn more about the traditional way of life of Romanian peasant farmers you can visit the Village Museum, an open air museum with around 300 traditional buildings filled with furniture, pottery and clothing collected from different regions of the country.

Optional Excursions: Village Museum –Leu 6/€1.50 •The Arch of Triumph –free •Calea Victoriei, Bucharest's oldest and most charming street –free •Revolution Square –free •Parliament Palace –Leu 25 •Bucharest History and Art Museum –Leu 3 •Communist Iconography Museum –Leu 8

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 37 to 37 - Veliko Tarnovo

We head across the border into the Bulgarian city of Veliko Tarnovo, famous as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire. Built on three hills, the city offers some great views of the surrounding churches and old imperial residences rising amidst the meanders of the Yantra River. On Tsarevets Hill are the palaces of the Bulgarian emperors and the Patriarchate, the Patriarchal Cathedral, and also a number of interesting cultural institutions such as the Archaeological Museum and the Museum of the Bulgarian Revival and the Constituent Assembly.

Optional Excursions: Archaeological Museum –Lev 6 •Museum of the Bulgarian Revival and the Constituent Assembly - Lev 6

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 38 to 39 - Sofia

Bulgaria's capital Sofia offers a wealth of cultural entertainment, including Byzantine churches, museums full of ancient archaeological treasures, towering monuments and numerous mineral baths adjacent to the magnificent Mount Vitosha. Laid back and cosmopolitan, Sofia offers a thriving and diverse street life, including open-air cafes, busy markets such as the famous Ladies' Market, rattling trams and buskers all adding to the ambience. At the foothills of Mount Vitosha about 8 kilometres from the city centre you can visit the 900 year-old Boyana Church, considered among the masterpieces of medieval European painting, which features murals and frescoes dating back to 1259 AD, medieval architecture and monumental art. Also at the base of Mt. Vitosha is the splendid National History Museum, with antiques dating back to the Thracian period.

Sofia also offers many beautiful gardens to relax in, such as Boris Gardens and the South Park, which starts just behind the Palace of Culture.

Optional Excursions: Ethnographical Museum –BGN 3 •National Art Gallery –BGN 6 •Alexander Nevski Cathedral –free •St Alexander Nevski Crypt –BGN 4 •National Museum of History –BGN 10

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 40 to 41 - Plovdiv

Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It is the oldest continually inhabited city in Europe going back 8000 years. The town is small and easy to walk around. Places to see include the Roman Amphitheatre, St Marina church and a mosque leftover from the Ottoman Empire. Each step you take in this town opens up another piece of history. While the seven tall hill that used to overlook the town have been reduced to just three, it is possible to walk the hills and the best time to do this is at sunset.

Included Excursions: Plovdiv Roman Amphitheatre
Optional Excursions: Hindlian House –Lev 3 •Ruins of Eumolpias from around 5000BC –free •Dzhumaya Mosque, one of the Balkan's oldest mosques –free

Accommodation: 2 night(s) in hotels

Day 42 to 42 - Istanbul

Istanbul is an enchanting fusion of East and West. Narrow alleys are flanked by wooden Ottoman houses while a nearby funky restaurant and bar strip in the down-town area pumps out Turkish pop. There are many great places to explore including, but not limited to, the Blue Mosque, St Sophia and the Grand Bazaar. The Blue Mosque, also known as the Mosque of Sultan Ahmet, is nearly 400 years old and still an active mosque that non-Muslims can visit for free outside of the five daily prayers. St Sophia (Hagia Sophia) was built 1,500 years ago and was the largest enclosed space in the world. The Grand Bazaar (Kapali Carsi) is the oldest and largest closed bazaar in the world, housing around 3000 shops within 61 alleyways. It used to be the city's main trading centre of ceramics, jewellery and leather goods.

In your free time you could take a relaxing Turkish bath and then possibly board a local ferry on the Bosphorus to observe the beautifully lit sprawl of Istanbul by night and then finish your evening with the timeless wind-down of smoking a nargileh (Ottoman water pipe).

Optional Excursions: Grand Bazaar –free •Topkapi Palace –€6.75/TRY 20 •Mevlevi Monastery –€11.75 •Bosphorus boat ride - Various prices and local service operators •Basilica Cistern, known as the sunken palace –€7.00/TRY 15 •Blue Mosque –donation •Hippodrome –free •Aya Sofia –TRY 20

Accommodation: 1 night(s) in hotels

Day 43 to 43 - Depart Istanbul

Your adventure of a lifetime comes to an end today. If you have a late flight or have lengthened your stay by adding post tour accommodation you will have more time to explore the sights.

Day by Day Itinerary

Day Activity Country Meals Single Room
Day 1 Budapest Hungary
Day 2 Novi Sad Serbia B
Day 3 Belgrade B
Day 4 Belgrade B
Day 5 Pristina Kosovo B
Day 6 Pristina B
Day 7 Skopje Macedonia B
Day 8 Skopje B
Day 9 Lake Ohrid B
Day 10 Lake Ohrid B
Day 11 Tirana Albania B
Day 12 Budva Montenegro B
Day 13 Budva B
Day 14 Dubrovnik Croatia B
Day 15 Dubrovnik B
Day 16 Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina B
Day 17 Sarajevo B
Day 18 Mostar B
Day 19 Hvar Island Croatia B
Day 20 Hvar Island
Day 21 Hvar Island
Day 22 Split
Day 23 Plitvice B
Day 24 Zagreb B
Day 25 Zagreb B
Day 26 Ljubljana Slovenia B
Day 27 Ljubljana B
Day 28 Budapest Hungary B
Day 29 Budapest B
Day 30 Eger B
Day 31 Baia Mare Romania B
Day 32 Sighișoara B
Day 33 Sighișoara B
Day 34 Brașov B
Day 35 Brașov B
Day 36 Bucharest B
Day 37 Veliko Tarnovo Bulgaria B
Day 38 Sofia Bulgaria B
Day 39 Sofia B
Day 40 Plovdiv B
Day 41 Plovdiv
Day 42 Istanbul
Day 43 Istanbul B

(B - Breakfast, L - Lunch, D - Dinner included)

For tours that include the option of a single supplement, a ✔ will indicate in which destinations single rooms are available. This must be purchased prior to travel for those who would like their own room. The detailed and day by day itineraries above are provided in good faith and it is our intention to adhere to the published route. Changes may be made before or during your tour for operational or safety reasons or to incorporate improvements. Impromptu changes may also occur whilst you are travelling as a result of one-off circumstances such as an excursion being closed on a particular day, weather conditions or transport. Delays are rare but occur occasionally and for this reason and the reasons above this itinerary should be considered as a guide only. Published transport times are approximations and may vary depending on local conditions.

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