An Antarctica expedition cruise is for many the ultimate destination, a pristine environment described time and again as one of the worldâ€™s last great wildernesses. Where once only the boldest adventurers would brave this rugged continent, specially equipped ice-strengthened expedition vessels now give small groups of adventure travellers the chance to experience the tremendous wildlife viewing opportunities on an Antarctica adventure cruise, complete with shore landings and walks, with the support of an expert crew.
Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, driest place on Earth, with so little precipitation that itâ€™s technically a desert, with no tundra or tree line. The terrain is about 98% ice and 2% barren rock but beneath its thick ice sheets, Antarctica is a dynamic and diverse continent with mountains, volcanoes, deserts, meteorites, dinosaur fossils, and some of the Earthâ€™s most ancient crust. Unlike the Arctic, there are no native mammals on the continent, but during an Antarctica adventure cruise itâ€™s possible to photograph a variety of species of penguins, whales and sea birds. Porpoises, dolphins and seals are also abundant and it is possible at different times of the austral summer to witness a variety of behaviours, from mating displays to nesting, penguins waddling about on ice floes, seals cavorting and chasing one another, and whales breaching the waves with magnificent plumes of spray.